Investment Fund Law Blog

InvestmentFundLawBlog

Updates and Insights on Legal Issues Facing Fund Managers and Investors

Category Archives: Investment Advisers

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Reminder: 2015 IARD Account Renewal Obligations For Investment Advisers

Posted in Advisory, Investment Advisers
This is a reminder that the 2015 IARD account renewal obligation for investment advisers (including exempt reporting advisers) starts this November.  An investment adviser must ensure that its IARD account is adequately funded to cover payment of all applicable registration renewal fees and notice filing fees. Key Dates in the Renewal Process: November 10, 2014 … Continue Reading

SEC Brings Custody Rule Enforcement

Posted in Advisory, Investment Advisers, Private Funds
On October 29, 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced an administrative enforcement action against an investment advisory firm and three top officials for violating rule 206(4)-2 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (“Advisers Act”), the “custody rule,” that requires firms to follow certain procedures when they control or have (or are deemed … Continue Reading

When Sharing Isn’t Caring

Posted in Investment Advisers, Private Equity
On September 22, 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) charged private equity fund adviser, Lincolnshire Management, Inc. (“Lincolnshire”), with misallocating expenses shared between two portfolio companies. Lincolnshire integrated two portfolio companies that were each owned by a different Lincolnshire private equity fund. Lincolnshire owed a fiduciary duty to each fund and such fiduciary … Continue Reading

SEC Enforcement Against Short Sellers Continues

Posted in Investment Advisers, Private Equity
On September 16, 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced the latest sanctions in a continuing enforcement initiative against certain hedge fund advisers and private equity firms that have participated in an offering of a stock after short selling it during a restricted period in contravention of SEC rules. The SEC last year announced … Continue Reading

CIOs Spur Revenue Generation Through Smart Cybersecurity

Posted in Guest Post, Investment Advisers
This article was originally published in The Wall Street Journal‘s CIO Journal on September 11, 2014. Today as companies increasingly realize the value of strong cybersecurity, those CIOs who successfully implement an effective cybersecurity system should be viewed as a critical part of the revenue generation effort. An effective CIO who maintains a robust cyber … Continue Reading

CFTC Exemptive Relief Harmonizes Regulations 4.7(b) and 4.13(a)(3) with Rule 506(c) of Reg. D and Rule 144A

Posted in Advisory, Investment Advisers, Private Funds
In a press release yesterday, the CFTC issued an exemptive letter, CFTC Letter No. 14-116, providing relief from certain provisions of CFTC Regulations 4.7(b) and 4.13(a)(3) that restrict marketing to the public.  The exemptive relief was issued to make CFTC Regulations 4.7(b) and 4.13(a)(3) consistent with SEC Rule 506(c) of Reg. D and Rule 144A, … Continue Reading

Advisory Alert! – Repatriation of Funds Out of China

Posted in Advisory, China Funds, Investment Advisers
China imposes controls on the inflow and outflow of foreign exchange. Given the involvement of State Administration of Foreign Exchange and various other governmental agencies in the process, repatriating funds from China can be a trap for the unwary. Foreign investors should familiarize themselves with the approval requirements and procedures. Read more: Advisory – Aug … Continue Reading

Cyber Security and Investing: Steps to Help Avoid a Digital Disaster

Posted in Investment Advisers
The relentless attention being paid to cyber-attacks is driving companies to increase cyber security budgets and purchases. In turn, this has led institutional investors and asset managers to see potentially massive returns associated with companies in the cyber security market. Indeed a number of companies that have gone public have had phenomenal success, and the … Continue Reading

Size Doesn’t Matter: Insider Trading Charges for $11k Profit

Posted in Investment Advisers, Private Funds
The Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) charged Kevin McGrath, a partner at a New York investor relations firm with insider trading.  According to the SEC complaint, McGrath allegedly received confidential information from clients in order to prepare press releases.  The SEC discovered McGrath used non-public information from two different clients to buy or sell … Continue Reading

Private Fund Managers as Broker-Dealers and How to Avoid It

Posted in Broker-Dealers, Investment Advisers, Private Funds
Private equity firms were put on notice last year that they may be subject to registration as broker dealers when David Blass, head of the Division of Markets and Trading at the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), provided his insights at an industry conference.  Since that time, the SEC has published their examination priorities list, … Continue Reading

Lawyers as SEC Enforcement Targets, What a Fund Manager Needs to Know

Posted in Advisory, Investment Advisers
In a move that should place securities lawyers and their clients on notice, Commissioner Kara Stein of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) recently indicated that lawyers may become targets of SEC enforcement actions when a registrant has been poorly advised by its attorney and the result of that advice ends up harming investors or … Continue Reading

CPO Delegation Process Revised by CFTC No-Action Letter

Posted in Advisory, Investment Advisers
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) staff recently issued guidance to registered CPOs regarding the delegation of commodity pool operator (“CPO”) functions from persons that might otherwise be subject to CPO registration.  For non-natural persons delegating CPO functions to a registered CPO, the relief from registration is conditioned on the CPO that is delegating its … Continue Reading

SEC Enforcement Division Gets Busy on Unregistered Brokers

Posted in Broker-Dealers, Investment Advisers
As we have previously reported, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has taken a significantly heightened interest in whether people who engage in certain promotional activities on behalf of issuers of securities should be subject to regulation as a broker dealer.  The David Blass speech of April 5, 2013 put hedge fund general partners on … Continue Reading

Insider Trading – The Friends and Family Edition

Posted in Broker-Dealers, Investment Advisers
The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), on March 31, 2014, announced insider trading charges against two men who allegedly traded on information they overheard from their respective wives.  On April 3, 2014, the SEC announced charges against two friends who traded tips related to an impending acquisition deal.  The spouse cases and friend cases differ … Continue Reading

SEC to Examine Advisers and Brokers for Cybersecurity Preparedness

Posted in Broker-Dealers, Investment Advisers
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) previously announced that its 2014 Examination Priorities included a focus on technology, including cybersecurity preparedness.  In connection with that statement of examination priority, OCIE recently issued a Risk Alert to provide additional information concerning its initiative to assess cybersecurity preparedness in the … Continue Reading

New Custody Compliance Tasks for California Registered Advisers Effective April 1

Posted in Advisory, Client Alert, Investment Advisers, Private Funds
Written by: Ildiko Duckor The California Commissioner of Business Oversight (“Commissioner”) recently amended California’s custody rule 10 C.C.R. Section 260.237 (the “New Custody Rule”).  The New Custody Rule will be effective on April 1, 2014. All investment advisers licensed or required to be licensed in California must comply with the New Custody Rule.  California Exempt … Continue Reading

The CFTC and Japan’s FSA Sign Cross-Border Agreement

Posted in Investment Advisers, Private Funds
On March 10, 2014, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the Financial Services Agency of Japan signed a Memorandum of Cooperation which expresses the agencies’ intent to work together to supervise and oversee regulated entities that operate on a cross-border basis in Japan and the United States.  The agencies intend to cooperate in the … Continue Reading

The CFTC and Japan’s FSA Sign Cross-Border Agreement

Posted in Investment Advisers, Private Funds
Written by:  Jessica M. Brown and Michael G. Wu On March 10, 2014, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the Financial Services Agency of Japan signed a Memorandum of Cooperation which expresses the agencies’ intent to work together to supervise and oversee regulated entities that operate on a cross-border basis in Japan and the … Continue Reading

SEC Risk Alert: Selecting Alternative Investments and Their Managers

Posted in Investment Advisers, Private Funds
Written by:  Jay B. Gould and Jessica M. Brown The Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations released a “Risk Alert” on January 28, 2014, which focuses on the due diligence investment advisers perform in alternative investments[1] and managers for their clients. After observing an increasing trend in advisers recommending alternative investments … Continue Reading

Reminder- March 3rd Deadline for Annual CFTC Exemption Affirmation

Posted in Client Alert, Investment Advisers, Private Funds
The annual affirmation process started on December 3, 2013. Advisers who relied on an exemption or exclusion from CPO registration under CFTC Regulation 4.5, 4.13(a)(1), 4.13(a)(2), 4.13(a)(3), 4.13(a)(5) or an exemption from CTA registration under 4.14(a)(8) and filed a notice with the NFA must affirm the exemption or exclusion annually within 60 days after the … Continue Reading

California’s New LLC Law: Next Steps for California LLCs

Posted in Advisory, Investment Advisers, Private Funds
If your management company or fund was formed as a California limited liability company, you need to review your Operating Agreement to determine whether amendments need to be made. On January 1, 2014, California’s Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act (Old Act) was superseded by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (New Act). The … Continue Reading

#TweetedIntoTrouble

Posted in Investment Advisers
Written by:  Jessica M. Brown The Securities and Exchange Commission charged a registered investment adviser and its principal for making false claims over social media regarding their inflated performance claims with respect to a mutual fund managed by the adviser. Through a Twitter account and a widely circulated newsletter, Mark A. Grimaldi and Navigator Money … Continue Reading

SEC-Registered Investment Adviser Agrees to $21 Million Penalty for Illegal Cross Trades and a Coding Error

Posted in Investment Advisers
Written by:  Jessica M. Brown The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the United States Department of Labor (“DOL”) announced sanctions today against Western Asset Management Company (“Western Asset”), a subsidiary of Legg Mason.  Western Asset is an SEC-registered investment adviser and reported $442.7 billion in assets under management as of September 30, 2013. The … Continue Reading