- Mandatory reporting required by the Bureau of Economic Analysis on Form BE-10 – 2014 Benchmark Survey of U.S. Direct Investment Abroad
- Investment managers, general partners, hedge funds and private equity funds are among those that may have to file
What is BE-10?
BE-10 is a benchmark survey of U.S. direct investment abroad, conducted once every five years by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (“BEA”) of the U.S. Department of Commerce. The purpose of the survey is to obtain economic data on the operations of U.S. parent companies and their foreign affiliates. The BE-10 survey is conducted pursuant to the International Investment and Trade in Services Survey Act, and the filing of reports is mandatory pursuant to Section 5(b)(2) of that Act. BE-10 reports are kept confidential and used for statistical analysis.
What is the filing deadline?
May 29, 2015 – if you are a U.S. Reporter (defined below) filing to report fewer than 50 Foreign Affiliates (defined below).
June 30, 2015 – if you are a U.S. Reporter filing to report 50 or more Foreign Affiliates.
Extensions. The BEA will consider reasonable requests for extensions if received before the applicable due date of the report. Extension requests should “enumerate the substantive reasons necessitating the extension” on the form provided by the BEA.
Who must file?
All U.S. persons that had direct or indirect ownership or control (each, a “U.S. Reporter”) of at least 10%[i] of the voting stock of a foreign business enterprise (a “Foreign Affiliate”) at any time during the entity’s 2014 fiscal year must file.
Any U.S. general partner or investment manager of a private fund could be a U.S. Reporter, and any hedge fund, private equity fund, or other private fund could be either a U.S. Reporter or a Foreign Affiliate, if they meet the above criteria.
[i] A U.S. Reporter’s ownership interest in a Foreign Affiliate may be held indirectly through a directly held Foreign Affiliate that owned the given foreign enterprise. You must “look through” all intervening foreign enterprises in the chain to determine whether you hold a foreign business enterprise to the extent of 10% or more. To calculate your ultimate ownership percentage, multiply the direct ownership percentage in the first Foreign Affiliate by that first Foreign Affiliate’s direct ownership percentage in the second enterprise in the chain, multiplied by the direct ownership percentage for all other intervening enterprises in the ownership chain, until you reach the ownership percentage in the final foreign business enterprise. To illustrate, if a U.S. Reporter owned 50% of Foreign Affiliate A directly, and A owned 75% of foreign business enterprise B which, in turn, owned 80% of foreign business enterprise C, the U.S. Reporter’s percentage of indirect ownership of B would be 37.5% (the product of the first two percentages), its indirect ownership of C would be 30% (the product of all three percentages), and B and C (as well as A) would be considered Foreign Affiliates of the U.S. Reporter.
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