Articles Tagged with California

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Covered businesses will need to update policies and procedures for responding to customer inquiries about collection, use, sale and disclosure of customers’ personal information or face stiff enforcement actions.


  • The California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 provides consumers with broad rights to control use of their personal information by covered businesses.
  • Covered businesses will need to review and revise their existing privacy policies to make the required disclosures and to provide two methods for customers to inquire about use of their personal information.


Read this article and additional Pillsbury publications at Pillsbury Insights.

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Written by: Ildiko Duckor

The California Commissioner of Business Oversight (“Commissioner”) recently amended California’s custody rule 10 C.C.R. Section 260.237 (the “New Custody Rule”).  The New Custody Rule will be effective on April 1, 2014.

All investment advisers licensed or required to be licensed in California must comply with the New Custody Rule.  California Exempt Reporting Advisers are not affected.

What is “having custody?”

Holding or having authority to obtain possession of client funds or securities, for example:

  • Possession of client funds or securities unless received inadvertently and returned to the sender promptly.
  • Any arrangement (such as a general power of attorney) that authorizes you to withdraw client funds or securities maintained with a custodian by instructing the custodian.
  • Any capacity with authority to access to client funds or securities (such as general partner of a limited partnership, managing member of a limited liability company or trustee of a trust).

If you “have custody” of assets.

  • Qualified Custodian.  You must maintain those assets with a “qualified custodian” such as a bank, trustee, or prime broker.
  • Notice on ADV.  You must notify the Commissioner on your ADV that you have or may have custody.
  • Notice to Clients*. You must notify your client in writing of the custodian’s name and address, and the manner in which the assets are maintained, and any changes to this information.
  • Quarterly Custodian’s Account Statement*.  You must reasonably ascertain that the custodian sends quarterly account statements with specific information to each client (for example, by being cc-d on electronic statements the custodian sends).
  • Surprise Exam*.  You must retain a CPA (by written agreement) to have an annual “surprise exam” of client assets, and report the examination and any resignation of the CPA on your ADV.
  • Internal Control Report.  If you or your affiliate serves as the qualified custodian:
    • The CPA firm conducting the surprise exam must be registered with and subject to examination by the PCAOB.
    • You must obtain an annual internal control report with specified content.
  • Exceptions.  There are certain exceptions from some of the New Custody Rule’s requirements for mutual fund shares, certain private securities, and for advisers that “have custody” only because they deduct fees (if certain conditions are also satisfied).

Fund Managers’ Obligations.

If you are a general partner of an investment limited partnership or a managing member of a limited liability company (or are in a similar position with respect to a pooled fund vehicle):

  • Quarterly Investor Account Statement.  You must send to all fund investors quarterly account statements showing:
    • the total amount of all additions to and withdrawals from the fund,
    • a listing of all additions to and withdrawals from the fund by an investor,
    • the opening and closing value of the fund at the end of the quarter,
    • the total value of an investor’s interest in the fund at the end of the quarter, and
    • a listing of securities positions on the closing date of the statement pursuant to FASB Accounting Standards Codification 946-210-50-4 through 6.
  • Independent Expense Verification*.  You must retain (by written agreement) an independent accountant or attorney obligated to act in your investors’ best interests and send him/her all invoices or receipts with details regarding calculations, so the independent person can:
    • review all fees, expenses and withdrawals from the fund,
    • determine that payments conform to the fund agreement, and
    • forward to the custodian approval for payments of the invoices.
  • Audited Fund Exceptions*.  You need not comply with the following requirements:  Notice to Clients, Quarterly Custodian’s Account Statement, Surprise Exam and Independent Expense Verification; if:
    • Your fund is audited annually, in accordance with GAAP, by an independent CPA registered with and subject to examination by the PCAOB.
    • The audited financials are distributed to all investors and the Commissioner within 120 days of the end of the fund’s fiscal year.
    • A final liquidation audit is performed, in accordance with GAAP, upon the fund’s liquidation, and the audited financials are distributed to investors and the Commissioner promptly upon completion of the audit.
    • The independent CPA is required by agreement to notify the Commissioner on Form ADV if it resigns or is terminated.
    • You notify the Commissioner that you intend to use the audit exception route.

For further details and interpretation of the intricacies of the New Custody Rule as they apply to you, please contact your Pillsbury Investment Funds and Investment Management team member.

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If your management company or fund was formed as a California limited liability company, you need to review your Operating Agreement to determine whether amendments need to be made.

On January 1, 2014, California’s Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act (Old Act) was superseded by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (New Act). The New Act includes a number of substantive changes that may adversely affect existing California limited liability companies unless they amend their operating agreements.


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Pillsbury and the California Hedge Fund Association invite you to join us on Thursday, April 25, 2013 for an educational program featuring Ms. Jan Lynn Owen, the Commissioner of the California Department of Corporations (DOC) and Person to be Announced from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

The Commissioner and her staff will discuss the new investment adviser registration rules that were recently adopted by the DOC, including the “exempt reporting adviser” provisions, the interplay between the DOC rules and those of the post-Dodd-Frank rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

This program will provide startup hedge fund managers and new investment advisers with the information they need to navigate the registration process, regulatory requirements, and examination focus of the DOC and the SEC, including:

  • Eligibility for reliance on the “exempt reporting adviser” provisions and what that means in the registration process
  • What the DOC and SEC expect to see in hedge fund manager and investment adviser compliance programs
  • Examination and enforcement by the DOC and the SEC and coordination efforts between the two agencies
  • Tax planning and compliance for fund managers at the state, local and federal levels
  • New DOC and SEC rules in the concept or proposal stage aimed at investment advisers

Date & Time

3:30 pm – 4:00 pm PT

4:00 pm – 4:30 pm PT
Keynote: Jan Lynn Owen

4:30 pm – 5:45 pm PT
Panel Discussion

5:45 pm – 7:30 pm PT

Pillsbury’s San Francisco Office
Four Embarcadero Center
22nd Floor
San Francisco, CA 94111

Event Contact
Juliana Curmi 

Featured Speaker
Jan Lynn Owen, Commissioner, California Department of Corporations

Host and Moderator
Jay B. Gould, Partner, Pillsbury

Additional Speakers
Jerry Twomey, Deputy Commissioner, Division of Securities Regulation, California Department of Corporations

Doug Bramhall, Tax Managing Director, KPMG

Kristin A. Snyder, Associate Regional Director–Examinations, Securities and Exchange Commission, San Francisco Regional Office 

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Written by:  Jay Gould and Peter Chess

While you were touring the Champagne region or sipping umbrella drinks at the beach this summer, the California Department of Corporations (the “DOC”) was busy overhauling the rules applicable to investment advisers.  On August 27, 2012, the DOC adopted final rules, available here, that provide for an exemption from registration for certain private fund managers pursuant to specific conditions.  This exemption, along with the rules previously adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), now permits certain investment advisers that provide advice only to private funds to operate without being fully registered with either the SEC or the State of California. 

Unlike the SEC rules, this exemption does not prohibit a fund manager from registering with the DOC—it simply allows the fund manager to decide whether it would like to register or rely on the exemption.  To rely upon this exemption, a California based adviser must complete and file the Form ADV (required under Rule 204-4 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”)) with the DOC that is required of an adviser that files for “exempt reporting adviser” status with the SEC.  But why would any adviser that is eligible to take advantage of the exemption decide to register? 

If a fund manager intends only to seek capital from “friends and family,” subjecting itself to the full registration requirements and the more complete compliance rules that are expected soon from the DOC could represent a significant expense to the manager.  Or, if a manager is leaving another organization and must quickly get to market, the three to four month process associated with the DOC review of an investment adviser application may be viewed as too long to wait.  But if a fund manager expects to target more institutional capital, or other investors that would have a reasonable expectation that the manager is subject to some regulatory oversight, the manager may very well decide that a California investment adviser registration is not so burdensome.  After all, a manager that seeks to rely on the exemption must still file the Form ADV, prepare a private placement memorandum, and have the fund audited, among other requirements discussed below.  The analysis that each fund manager must undertake in order to make this decision is multi-faceted and is ultimately one that is unique to each adviser and its own circumstance.

To briefly summarize the results of the DOC rulemaking, an investment adviser located in California may conduct its business without being a fully registered and regulated investment adviser under the DOC regulations so long as:

  • the adviser only advises private funds that rely on either Section 3(c)(1) or Section 3(c)(5) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, (which the DOC defines as “Retail Buyer Funds”) the investors of which are all “accredited investors”;
  • the adviser is not subject to any statutory disqualifications;
  • the adviser files certain periodic reports and notices; and
  • the adviser pays the annual registration fee of $125.  

Additionally, with respect to Retail Buyer Funds:

  • the adviser may only charge performance fees to investors that meet the Advisers Act definition of a “qualified client”;
  • the Retail Buyer Fund must be audited annually by a Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”) registered accounting firm and deliver a copy of the audited financial statements to each beneficial owner; and
  • the adviser must provide “material disclosures” to fund investors that adequately and accurately describe the investment program of the fund and the relationship of the adviser to the fund (e.g., the type of disclosures that competent counsel drafts on behalf of fund managers now).

When an adviser that is eligible for the California exemption reaches $100 million in assets, it would become an exempt reporting adviser with the SEC and would need to switch its status over to the SEC.  And when it reaches $150 million it must become a fully registered investment adviser with the SEC; accordingly, investment advisers can operate without being fully registered with the SEC or the State of California so long as they have less than $150 million in assets and satisfy the conditions discussed above.

The California exemption contains a “grandfathering” provision for Retail Buyer Funds formed prior to the release of the exemption, as the additional requirements listed above are deemed satisfied if the Retail Buyer Fund: (i) distributes annual audited financial statements; (ii) pre-existing investors receive the “material disclosures” discussed above; (iii) from August 27, 2012 on, the Fund only sells interests to “accredited investors”; and (iv) the adviser receives performance-based compensation only from pre-existing investors or “qualified clients.”

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The 3rd Annual Excellence In Investing: San Francisco, in partnership with The Sohn Conference Foundation, will be held on October 24, 2012 at the Merchants Exchange, Julia Morgan Ballroom.   Excellence In Investing: San Francisco is the premiere Bay Area investor conference benefiting local and national education and other children’s causes.  

For more information and to register, please visit or click here.

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On August 30, 2012, Ildi Duckor and Michael Wu, members of Pillsbury’s Investment Funds and Investment Management practice, met with executives and staff of the California Department of Corporations at the Department’s invitation.  The purpose of the meeting was to provide the Department’s investment adviser and broker dealer divisions (live in San Francisco and via teleconference in the Sacramento and Los Angeles offices) with a broad overview of the hedge fund industry.  “We hope that a better understanding of the industry will help balance hedge fund managers’ business needs with the regulators’ need for investor and market protection, and will streamline both the adviser registration and the examination process” said Ildi Duckor.  The Investment Funds and Investment Management team will continue to cooperate with the Department in an effort to provide industry insight with respect to future California regulation of hedge funds and their advisers.

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Written by Jay Gould and Peter Chess

In re-proposed custody rules, the California Department of Corporations (“DOC”) has reflected the most important aspects of the comment letter that Pillsbury provided on July 27, 2011, such that all transactions and short positions need not be disclosed in the quarterly account statements.  In general, the re-proposed custody rules define “custody,” and subject to certain limited exceptions, require that advisers with custody maintain the assets with a qualified custodian.  The re-proposed custody rules also specify details with regard to audits and require compliance by advisers with specific safeguards.   

The DOC also released proposed regulations that contain a successor to the private fund exemption, which are currently in the comment period.  Under the DOC’s proposed private adviser exemption, advisers would be eligible provided they: (i) have not violated securities laws; (ii) file periodic reports with the DOC; (iii) pay the existing investment adviser registration and renewal fees; and (iv) comply with additional safeguards when advising 3(c)(1) funds.  Additionally, under the proposed regulations, the exemption defines a private fund adviser as an investment adviser that provides advice only to qualifying private funds, which include 3(c)(1) and 3(c)(7) funds.  A grandfathering provision for private advisers is also included. 

The Massachusetts Securities Division released amendments similar to the DOC’s on January 18, 2012.  These amendments contain regulations that relate to the private fund exemption and custody requirements, among others.  The amendments, released after consideration of industry comments, make substantive changes to the definition of “institutional buyer,” re-propose a broadened private fund exemption that includes the introduction of a grandfathering provision, and propose requirements for advisers with discretion over, or custody of, client funds. 

The purpose of the Massachusetts amendments is to coordinate with the new rule adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Dodd-Frank Act.  Also included in the amendments is an exemption from state registration for advisers that provide advice solely to private funds that qualify as 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) funds.

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The California Commissioner of Corporations (Commissioner) has released a notice regarding readoption of the emergency regulation on private adviser exemption.

On January 5, 2012, the Commissioner will file with the Office of Administrative Law (OAL) the readoption of emergency regulations to extend the effectiveness of Rule 260.204.9 (10 C.C.R. §260.204.9) for a period of no longer than 90 days.    The changes to the rule will extend the current exemption from registration for investment advisers who are deemed private advisers for an additional 90 days.  The anticipated operative date of the emergency regulation is January 18, 2012. 

Information regarding the readoption of the  emergency proposal is posted on  the “What’s New” section of the Department of Corporations’ home page  (available at

Pillsbury will continue to monitor this development and post additional information as soon as it becomes available.

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